By Subject

From the early childhood years through Middle School, Wyndcroft exposes students to a variety of subjects that develop the whole child, and meets students where they are on their academic journeys.

Art

Walking through our school’s halls, you are surrounded by student artwork. We take pride in our students’ hard work and enjoyment in this discipline. From crayons and scissors at the Early Learning Center to wood burning in seventh grade, our students learn a wide variety of techniques that help them express themselves through art. Our teachers collaborate to make art lessons interdisciplinary and to enhance the curriculum.

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Fine motor skills
  • Cutting
  • Tracing
  • Recognizing shapes and colors
  • Coloring in one direction
  • Creative thinking

Kindergarten:

  • Space
  • Line arrangement
  • Primary colors
  • Light and bold shades
  • Small drawing strokes

First Grade:

  • Reinforcement of shapes and patterns
  • Drawing in bold colors
  • Outlining
  • Tracing using left and right hand
  • Rolling skills
  • Taping skills
  • Secondary colors

Second Grade:

  • Warm and cool colors
  • Creating balance
  • Space and line arrangement
  • Outlining
  • Small strokes
  • Creating texture

Third Grade:

  • Colors of the spectrum
  • Observing line, design, and shape
  • Creating contrast
  • Space and form
  • Color blending

Fourth Grade:

  • Contrast and color progression
  • Pointillism
  • Creating shadow
  • Neutral and complimentary colors
  • Study of historical artists

Fifth Grade:

  • Creating emphasis
  • Adding detail to line direction
  • Eye training
  • Working in a variety of mediums

Sixth Grade:

  • Working from different perspectives
  • Design recognition
  • Negative and positive space
  • Monochromatic and triad light
  • Contrast in texture

Seventh Grade:

  • Negative and positive space
  • Design recognition
  • Contrast in texture
  • Working in a variety of mediums

Eighth Grade:

  • Negative and positive space
  • Design recognition
  • Contrast in texture
  • Split complements in light

Computer

Technology in our school is constantly changing to enhance the way our teachers teach and the way our students learn. Alongside our regularly scheduled computer classes, technology is found all around the school. Chrome books, laptops, and iPads are used throughout the curriculum and campus to support learning and communication.

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Cooperation and collaborating while using technology
  • Responsibility while using technology
  • Basic computer technology
  • Input and output devices
  • Curriculum based software
  • Use of iPads for mastery of classroom concepts

Kindergarten:

  • Multi application publication
  • Extension of pre-kindergarten practices
  • Cooperation and collaborating while using technology
  • Responsibility while using technology
  • Basic computer technology
  • Input and output devices
  • Introductory picture and text publication
  • Use of iPads for curriculum content

First Grade:

  • Introduction to basic keyboarding
  • Introduction to web-based research
  • Basic operations for computer usages
  • Introduction to multi platform software
  • Introduction to networks and keyboarding
  • Fundamental concepts of technology in classwork
  • Introduction to Web 2.0 tools
  • Introduction to basic formatting
  • Use of iPads for enrichment of classroom content

Second Grade:

  • Advanced use of input and output devices
  • Introduction to networks and publication tools
  • Advanced formatting
  • Fundamental concepts of technology in classwork
  • Multiplatform publication
  • Use of online publication tools
  • Introduction to coding
  • Use of iPads to enhance classroom content

Third Grade:

  • Advanced use of online publication tools
  • Research based, project based learning
  • Advanced use of software
  • Desktop publication
  • Formal keyboarding
  • Introduction to research skills utilizing core classroom content
  • Collaborative publication
  • Use of iPads for additional research and enrichment of classroom curriculum

Fourth Grade:

  • Refinement of online research techniques
  • Mastery of formatting across multiple platforms
  • Developmentally appropriate use of multimedia resources
  • Online programs for independent research
  • Continuation of independent and collaborative research skills utilizing the ever expanding set of tools available
  • Introduction to Google Drive platform
  • Introduction to Google Classroom
  • Coding
  • Use of iPads for classroom enrichment and content mastery

Fifth Grade:

  • Study of digital literacy culminating in ease of digital expression
  • Review of previously introduced skills of productivity tools and peripherals
  • Tools for individual and collaborative writing and publication activities
  • Problem solving and self-directed learning
  • Discussion of social, ethical, and humane issues of technology
  • Advanced use of Google Platform and Google Classroom
  • Continuation of knowledge, tools, and resources needed to adapt, grow, and stay safe in today’s ever changing technology driven world

Sixth Grade:

  • Acquaintance with cyber safety in both MS Office and Google Drive platforms
  • Graphing software
  • Multimedia research tools
  • Use of spreadsheets for mathematical concepts and calculations utilizing both office and google platform tools
  • The use of multimedia to open and expand research and global experiences
  • Continuation of knowledge, tools, and resources needed to adapt, grow, and stay safe in today’s ever changing technology driven world
  • Establishment of concepts of and safe us of social media

Seventh Grade:

  • Advanced mastery of spreadsheets
  • Student presentation of cross-curricular content
  • The expanded use of internet based tools and resources
  • Communication, research, problem solving and decision making tools
  • Research of appropriateness and comprehensiveness of electric information
  • Continuation of knowledge, tools, and resources needed to adapt, grow, and stay safe in today’s ever changing technology driven world
  • Advanced mastery of Google platform tools in mutli-disciplines

Eighth Grade:

  • Mastery of multimedia presentations
  • Input tools, peripherals, and editing tools
  • Promote individual and collaborative project management
  • Emphasis on advanced levels of the google platform
  • Continuation of knowledge, tools, and resources needed to adapt, grow, and stay safe in today’s ever changing technology driven world
  • Introduction to photo editing tools
  • Introduction to curriculum driven blogging
  • Creation of video content for curriculum based content
  • Introduction to web design

French

The Wyndcroft School values the French language and recognizes it as one of the few languages that is truly global. Our French program begins in the Early Learning Center with our three year olds learning basic French vocabulary, songs, and stories. By the time these curious three year olds are fourteen year old graduates, they can conjugate verbs, translate literature, write stories, and hold full conversations. Our comprehensive program also focuses on French culture, geography, history, and literature. Our students leave Wyndcroft ready to continue the acquisition of the French language in their secondary schools and later in their careers.

Early Childhood:

  • Numbers
  • Colors
  • Seasons
  • Pets
  • Basic pronunciation

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Counting to 40
  • Colors
  • Basic greetings and expressions
  • Months and seasons
  • Farm animals
  • Fruit
  • French songs
  • Comprehension of French stories

Kindergarten:

  • Counting to 50
  • Additional colors
  • Calendar: days of the week, months, seasons
  • Basic weather expressions
  • Zoo animals
  • Familial terms
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Table setting terms
  • French culture

First Grade:

  • Conversational skills and greetings
  • Numbers to 70
  • Calendar
  • Classroom object vocabulary
  • French alphabet
  • Writing exercises
  • Holiday themes
  • French Fete presentation

Second Grade:

  • Extended vocabulary
  • Parts of the body
  • Numbers to 100
  • School terms
  • Clothing
  • Animals
  • Holiday themes
  • French Fete presentation

Third Grade:

  • French reading comprehension
  • French dictionary
  • Telling time in French
  • Use of prepositions
  • Restaurant vocabulary
  • Workplace vocabulary
  • Friends vocabulary
  • Outside vocabulary
  • Conversational skills
  • French Fete presentation

Fourth Grade:

  • French textbook/workbook
  • Conjunction of ER verbs in present tense
  • Places in a town
  • Introduction to French history
  • Use of adjectives
  • French dictionary
  • The spirit of communication
  • The rhythm of the seasons
  • Water
  • Feathers and fur
  • French Fete presentation

Fifth Grade:

  • Focus on writing
  • Irregular verbs
  • Conjugation of -er verbs
  • Imperatives
  • Adjective agreement, conjunctions, and contractions
  • Possessives and family vocabulary
  • French culture and geography
  • French Fete presentation
  • Everyday expressions
  • Classroom vocabulary
  • Leisure activities

Sixth Grade:

  • Advances study of written and spoken French
  • Irregular verbs
  • Regular verbs -er, -ir, and -re verbs
  • Application of grammar
  • Non-literal translation of French to English and English to French, idioms and expressions
  • French culture
  • French Fete presentation

Seventh Grade:

  • Continuation towards proficiency
  • Past tense of new transitive and intransitive verbs
  • Irregular verbs and their patterns
  • Imperfect tense
  • Introduction to history
  • Impressionism
  • French geography and culture
  • French Fete presentation

Eighth Grade:

  • Advanced study of written and spoken French
  • Direct/indirect object pronouns
  • Past, imperfect, conditional, and future verb tenses
  • Student-initiated dialogue
  • Student-led verb conjugations
  • Short story writing
  • Geography, history, the arts, and current events
  • French Fete presentation

Health

The Wyndcroft School values the health and wellness of each one of our students, teachers, staff, and members of the community. Last year, our school was voted the area’s healthiest school by the Pottstown Area Health and Wellness Foundation and received a $3,000.00 grant to further its mission to develop the whole child and establish a firm foundation for a happy and successful future. Some highlights of our school’s healthy advances include regularly scheduled health classes taught by our school nurse beginning in first grade, “Walking Wednesdays,” and our “Fresh and Local Fridays.”

First Grade:

  • Healthy behaviors
  • Basic hygiene
  • Visiting the doctor and dentist
  • Bus, bicycle, playground, and pedestrian safety
  • Proper rest and sleeping habits
  • Manners and respect
  • Poison control
  • Environmental health

Second Grade:

  • Mental and emotional health
  • Family and social health
  • Growth and development
  • Nutrition
  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Communicable and chronic diseases
  • Consumer and community health
  • Environmental health
  • Injury prevention and safety

Third Grade:

  • Mental and emotional health
  • Family and social health
  • Growth and development
  • Nutrition
  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Communicable and chronic diseases
  • Consumer and community health
  • Environmental health
  • Injury prevention and safety
  • Continuation and advancement of second grade curriculum

Fourth Grade:

  • Continuation and advancement of third grade curriculum
  • Addition of DARE program
    • Peer pressure
    • Dangers and risks associated with drugs and alcohol
    • Violence

Fifth Grade:

  • Puberty
  • Basic human reproduction

Sixth Grade:

  • Nutrition
  • Eating habits and physical activity
  • Eating disorders

Seventh Grade:

  • Substance abuse
  • Drug-related issues and making good choices
  • Critical thinking and decision making skills

Eighth Grade:

  • Healthy and appropriate relationships
  • Respect and communication
  • Human reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases
  • CPR Certification

Language Arts

The Wyndcroft School firmly believes in creating a strong foundation in the study of language arts and a love for reading and writing. Beginning with the integration of our library program into our Early Learning Center, continuing with our Head of School reading to our kindergarteners on a weekly basis, and culminating with our eighth grade graduates delivering their graduation speeches, the importance of literacy and communication skills is a constant thread throughout our curriculum. Our Language Arts program is well-rounded and includes traditional teaching methods that are supported by small group instruction, hands-on activities, and current technologies, resulting in the students’ ability to communicate clearly and effectively.

Early Childhood:

  • Teacher-led story time is used to develop listening and comprehension skills
  • Role-play and dramatization is used as an extension of the literature
  • Teacher-led discussion develops reading readiness skills
  • Child writing begins with the recognition and use of capital letters
  • Learning to write their first names

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Teacher-led story time continues the development of listening, comprehension, and oral skills
  • Writing develops with the review of capital letters and the introduction of lower-case letters and alphabetical sequence
  • Modified version of Kid Writing teaches phonics in the context of writing
  • Initial sounds and sight words prepare students for reading readiness
  • Learning centers and the use of manipulatives strengthen the understanding of letters and build phonemic awareness
  • Opposites and rhyming words are introduced

Kindergarten:

  • Literature study is presented thematically and focus is placed on story structure, comprehension, sequencing, and making predictions in the context of various genres
  • Daily phonetic skill building allows students to practice initial and final consonant sounds, differentiate between long and short vowel sounds, and to decode new words
  • Sentence structure is introduced through the Kid Writing Program and is developed through individualized teaching
  • Sight words are displayed throughout the classroom and lists are sent home for weekly practice
  • Letter formation continues to develop by utilizing the Handwriting Without Tears program

First Grade:

  • Five pillars of reading instruction: phonetic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension
  • Read aloud and modeled writing
  • Shared reading and writing
  • Guided reading and writing
  • Independent reading and writing
  • Word study

Second Grade:

  • All genres of literature are explored using basal readers and various other trade books
  • Reading comprehension focuses on decoding, sequencing, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and analyzing text
  • Students are introduced to antonyms, synonyms, and homophones
  • Weekly spelling lists stem from reading selections and themes
  • Manuscript is reviewed and refined, and cursive handwriting is introduced in the second half of the year
  • Knowledge of sentence structure, punctuation, and capitalization rules heightens throughout the year as students write short stories, reader responses, and poetry throughout the year
  • Students use graphic organizers to brainstorm ideas during the writing process
  • The parts of speech are introduced through the Houghton-Mifflin English series

Third Grade:

  • All genres of literature are explored through the use of basal readers and various other literature sources and class novel study
  • Reading comprehension focuses on reading fluency, thinking critically, drawing conclusions, and story structure
  • Weekly spelling units are taught phonetically and continue to build word recognition, vocabulary, and patterning
  • Dictionary and thesaurus skills are utilized with in the spelling program
  • The writing process highlights sentence structure, capitalization, punctuation, paragraph writing, and proofreading
  • Cursive handwriting is reviewed and refined throughout the year
  • Book reports incorporate the development of all language art skills

Fourth Grade:

  • Literacy is explored with the use of a basal series and is reinforced through novel studies
  • Reading comprehension further develops with literary genres, plot, conflict, characterization, making predictions, figurative language, author’s purpose, and making inferences
  • Student writing includes imaginative and personal narratives, reader response journals, descriptive writing, friendly letters, and expository writing
  • The writing process is used to brainstorm, collect information, proofread, and edit work
  • Weekly spelling units enhance knowledge of phonetics, patterns, dictionary skills, and vocabulary
  • Cursive handwriting is refined
  • Writing instruction is individualized for each student
  • Sentence structure, capitalization, parts of speech, and punctuation continue to develop
  • Summer reading is assigned to provide continued growth to the reader and writer

Fifth Grade:

  • Novel study reinforces and strengthens use of literary devices and comprehension skills
  • Comprehension skills include characterization, plot, setting, theme, foreshadowing, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and analyzing information
  • Author history and writing nuances precede novel studies
  • Novels include Where the Red Fern Grows, Number the Stars, and Tuck Everlasting
  • Writing portfolios further develop the writing process
  • Self and peer reflection as well as individualized teacher conferences help develop confident writers
  • Personal and imaginative narratives, expository essays, poetry, descriptive writing, and letter writing are further defined throughout the year
  • Punctuation, capitalization, complex sentence structure, and the parts of speech are developed
  • Smart technologies and Google Chromebooks are used as tools to further student learning and understanding
  • Weekly spelling units strengthen awareness of spelling patterns and vocabulary skills
  • Summer reading is assigned to provide continued growth as a reader and writer

Sixth Grade:

  • Novel studies reinforce and strengthen use of literary devices and comprehension skills
  • Comprehension skills include characterization, plot, theme, internal and external conflict, antagonist and protagonist, tone, and mood
  • Author history and writing nuances precede novel studies
  • Figurative language including simile, metaphor, personification, and colloquial speech are explored
  • Novels for the year include A Christmas Carol and Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry
  • Project-based learning in small groups supports creativity, communication, and critical thinking
  • Smart technologies and Google Chromebooks are used as a tool to further student learning and understanding
  • Note taking and outlining skills support inquiry-based learning
  • The five paragraph essay is used for personal and expository essays and creative writing is incorporated within novel studies
  • Punctuation, capitalization, complex sentence structure, and parts of speech are developed
  • Culminating unit on magazine creation focuses on the following writing genres: persuasive, expository, biography, poetry, creative
  • The Sadlier-Oxford vocabulary series further develops knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, parts of speech, and definition
  • Summer reading is assigned to provide continued growth as a reader and writer

Seventh Grade:

  • Novel study reinforces and strengthens use of literary devices and comprehension skills
  • Novels include The Giver, The Hound of the Baskervilles, and Animal Farm
  • Comprehension skills include characterization, tone, mood, dialect, internal and external conflict, allegory, and fable
  • Author history and writing nuances precede novel studies where relevant
  • Figurative language including simile, metaphor, personification, irony, and colloquial speech are further explored
  • Note taking and research tools supplement the cross-curricular seventh grade science fair project
  • Various resources are used to teach the poetic elements of prose, speaker, alliteration, and tone
  • The writing process is used to create the framework for writing both fictional and non-fictional works
  • Punctuation, capitalization, complex sentence structure, and the parts of speech are developed
  • Various texts are used to study the complexities of mystery story writing in particular, and the idea of literacy genres in general
  • The second level of the Sadlier-Oxford vocabulary series expands knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, parts of speech, and definition
  • Summer reading is assigned to provide continued growth as a reader and writer

Eighth Grade:

  • Novel study reinforces and strengthens students’ use of literary devices and comprehension skills
  • Texts include To Kill A Mockingbird, Romeo and Juliet, Of Mice and Men and a unit on WWI poetry
  • Shakespearean verse and the life and times of William Shakespeare are examined to further students’ understanding
  • Advanced comprehension skills include characterization, hero/heroine, tragedy, internal and external conflict, dialect, prose, and foreshadowing,
  • The writing process is used to create the framework for both fictional and non-fictional works
  • Punctuation, capitalization, complex sentence structure, and the parts of speech are developed
  • The third level of the Sadlier-Oxford vocabulary broadens knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, parts of speech, definitions, and sentence framing skills
  • Students outline, write, and illustrate an original children’s book meeting specific standards for grammar and literary techniques. Existing examples of this genre are examined prior to their project, looking at structure, use of sound, humor, rhyme, etc.

Latin

Our Latin program begins in fifth grade and continues through eighth grade. Upper School students study the Latin language as a basis for the development of future language study. Fundamental grammar study corresponds with Language Arts lessons, allowing for cohesion between the two disciplines. The course also teaches the history and culture of Ancient Rome and Greece, often using multi-step, creative projects to demonstrate the students’ understanding. This knowledge is showcased in the annual Latin Day presentations, which include dramatics, mythological interpretations, and scientific exploration. The Latin program allows students to become independent thinkers who can translate and interpret history on their own…even when dressed up as gladiators or wearing togas.

Fifth Grade:

  • Mastery of basic Latin vocabulary
  • Understanding the derivation of English vocabulary from Latin
  • Conjugation of verbs in present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect tenses
  • Understanding inflection using the nominative and accusative cases
  • Exploration of Greco-Roman geography, history, mythology, and culture
  • Presentation of a cultural topic for a school-wide audience

Sixth Grade:

  • Syntax and reading comprehension of the Latin language
  • Increased understanding of Latin vocabulary and English derivatives
  • Understanding of all four verb conjugations
  • Understanding of the 1st and 2nd noun declensions
  • Intense study of the town of Pompeii and its rise and fall
  • Presentation of a cultural topic for a school-wide audience
  • Research paper on cultural topic

Seventh Grade:

  • Continuation of vocabulary study and connection between English and Latin
  • Furthering of translation abilities
  • More complex grammatical skills studied
  • Emphasis on reading comprehension
  • Presentation of a cultural topic for a school-wide audience
  • Understanding of all four conjugations active and passive

Eighth Grade:

  • Intense sequence of grammatical forms and functions
  • Focus on independent translation
  • Study of Pliny's letter about the eruption of Vesuvius
  • Reading of Perseus and Hercules stories in Richie's Fabulae Faciles
  • Presentation of a cultural topic for a school-wide audience

Library & Study Skills

At the Wyndcroft School, we appreciate all types of literature and encourage our students to develop a lifelong love for reading. Our library program begins in Early Childhood with our librarian traveling over to the Early Learning Center every day to read to our youngest students and culminates with our Upper School students learning how to locate and use various resources, interpret information, and prepare for standardized tests. Our library is the heart of our school and is utilized by the whole community.

Early Childhood:

  • Daily read-alouds
  • Weekly library checkouts

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Library etiquette and checkout procedures
  • Proper care of books
  • Storytelling
  • Introduction to many different authors and kinds of books

Kindergarten:

  • Basic organization of books in the library
  • Understanding and selection of personal reading materials
  • Improved listening and observational skills
  • Greater appreciation of a variety of literature

First Grade:

  • Organization of books in the library
  • Understanding of the parts of a book
  • Selection strategies to find books at the right level
  • Understanding of and familiarity with well-known Fairy Tales
  • Development of listening and discussion skills

Second Grade:

  • Continued instruction on the organization of the library, including the Dewey Decimal system
  • Further familiarity with the parts of a book
  • Introduction to the basic use of the library's online catalog
  • Identification of fiction and nonfiction books
  • Appreciation of different kinds of literature

Third Grade:

  • Use of the online catalog
  • Continued instruction on organization and use of the library materials
  • Understanding and appreciation of different genres of literature, including various fiction genres, nonfiction and poetry
  • Use of basic reference materials

Fourth Grade:

  • Continued instruction and effective use of the library catalog
  • Independent use of the library to find materials for information and enjoyment
  • Basic research skills, such as accessing information, summarizing text, and citing sources
  • Appreciation of more complex forms of literature

Fifth Grade:

  • Understanding the how and why of library organization
  • Evaluation of information both online and in print
  • Effective use of the library catalog
  • Understanding of basic copyright laws
  • Ability to review fiction critically and make recommendations based on their evaluations

In upper school, students take Study Skills to help them grow as students, learn to better manage the increased demands of middle school classes, and prepare for a successful high school career.

Fifth Grade:

  • Importance of mindset
  • Different learning style preferences
  • Effective note-taking
  • Importance of good organization and attention to details and directions

Sixth Grade:

  • Review of mindsets and learning styles
  • Various note-taking techniques
  • Basic understanding of how the brain functions
  • Keys to effective memorization and retention

Seventh Grade:

  • Research using books, periodicals, online databases, and websites
  • Effective note-taking from printed sources
  • Importance of properly citing sources
  • Creation of an MLA-style bibliography

Eighth Grade:

  • Test preparation, especially for the SSAT and other standardized tests
  • Practice SSAT tests
  • General test-taking techniques
  • Vocabulary-building
  • Math review

Mathematics

A strong foundation in the field of Mathematics will lead to success throughout life. Math instruction is a blend of innovative and traditional approaches used to develop number sense, critical thinking, and reasoning skills promoting a deep understanding. Hands-on learning using manipulatives helps mathematical thinking proceed from concrete to pictorial to the abstract. Students of all ages can be seen in math classes using manipulatives at their seats, working in small groups at various centers, studying geometric concepts outdoors, challenging themselves with online extensions, and using Smartboard technologies to supplement daily lessons. Our students communicate mathematical concepts both orally and in writing, connecting and integrating mathematics into real-life situations.

Early Childhood:

  • Counting objects, shapes, puzzles, and number recognition
  • Counting by rote
  • Calendar time supports mathematical concepts

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Number and shape recognition, counting to 100
  • Comparing, simple measuring, simple graphing, and addition
  • Number lines
  • Sort, classify, order, and pattern recognition

Kindergarten:

  • Patterns
  • Count, compare, order, compose, and decompose numbers 0-20
  • Add and subtract to 10
  • Picture graphs and bar graphs
  • Use, identity, and value coins
  • Daily and annual time
  • Measurement
  • Place value
  • Geometric shapes are explored
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through addition and subtraction stories
  • Identify and print numerals up to 100

First Grade:

  • Number relationships
  • Place value
  • Geometry
  • Patterns and sequence
  • Ordinal numbers
  • Weight and measurement
  • Calendar, time, money
  • Data graph construction and interpretation
  • Two-digit addition and subtraction
  • Introduction to

Second Grade:

  • Review of basic addition and subtraction facts and the strategies involved
  • Time to the minute with A.M. and P.M. and introducing elapsed time
  • Count money and calculate change
  • Adding and subtracting 3 digit numbers with regrouping
  • Create and analyze bar and picture graphs
  • Explore standard and metric units of measurement
  • Skip counting to develop understanding of multiplication and division facts
  • Compare fractions through manipulatives
  • Symmetry, congruence, and angles in geometric shapes
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Third Grade:

  • Mastery of the basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division facts
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division instruction is expanded to include multi-step procedures
  • Solve division problems and interpret the remainder
  • Calculation of elapsed time and calendar
  • Add and subtract money to solve real-world problems
  • Read, write, and compare numbers up to 10,000
  • Collect, organize and analyze data in bar graphs, line plots, and frequency charts
  • Develop an understanding of equivalent fractions and lowest terms
  • Introduce addition and subtraction of like fractions
  • Extension of geometric concepts to include perimeter and area of plane figures
  • Extension of standard and metric measurement skills
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Fourth Grade:

  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers
  • Apply factors and multiples of whole numbers to the study of fractions
  • Interpret, compare, add, and subtract whole numbers, fractions, and decimals
  • Identify prime and composite numbers, greatest common factor, and least common multiple
  • Read, interpret, and create frequency tables, stem and leaf plots, bar, line and circle graphs
  • Calculate mean, median, mode, and range of data to interpret outcomes
  • Extension of geometric concepts to include measurement of 3 dimensional figures
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Fifth Grade:

  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, decimals, and fractions
  • Introduce exponents, order of operations, and algebraic expressions
  • Fractions including greatest common factor, prime factorization, simplifying, and converting to decimals and percentages
  • Circumference, area, and perimeter of two and three dimensional figures continues
  • Geometric concepts of points, lines, planes, similar and congruent figures, polygons, angles, and triangles are explored
  • Squares and square roots precede the study of Pythagorean Theorem
  • Probability, combinations, and permutations are introduced
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Sixth Grade:

  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers
  • Algebraic expressions and solving equations continues
  • Rational and irrational numbers understanding deepens
  • Pythagorean theorem application
  • Examine relationships between fractions, decimals, ratios, and percentages
  • Geometric concepts of parallel lines, classification of polygons, and special right triangles
  • Graph translations, rotations, and reflections on the coordinate plane
  • Probability concepts expand in real life applications
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Seventh Grade:

  • Comprehensive review of whole numbers, decimals, percentages, fractions, number relationships, and geometric concepts
  • Introduction to algebra with variables, order of operations, translations of words into symbols, problem solving plan, number lines, opposites, and absolute value
  • Operations with integers
  • Basic one-step and multi-step transformations
  • Factoring polynomials
  • Prime factorization
  • Solving word problems using quadratic equations
  • Simplifying, multiplying, dividing, and combining rational expressions
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Eighth Grade:

  • Comprehensive review of factoring polynomials, solving equations by factoring, and working with algebraic fractions
  • Ratio, proportion, solving fractional equations, percent applications, and negative exponents
  • Slope and solving systems of linear equations utilizing graphing, substitution, and linear combination method.
  • Quadratic functions and inverse variation
  • Solve combined inequalities with conjunctions and disjunctions
  • Absolute value in open sentences
  • Properties of rational numbers and rational and irrational square roots
  • Multiplying, dividing, and simplifying radical equations
  • Quadratic equations with perfect squares and the quadratic formula
  • Plane geometry and real world applications
  • Develop problem solving strategies and mathematical reasoning through critical thinking

Music

Wyndcroft School students are no strangers to the stage. Beginning at the age of three, our students have many intentional opportunities to speak, act, or perform in front of large audiences. It’s no surprise that our students, by the time they graduate, are undeniably comfortable addressing large groups of people. Our students’ love of music is evident from our ever-growing instrumental program and our Upper School chorus that boasts almost 100% participation. Beginning in the early years, we teach our students to enjoy music, make connections with music, and to express themselves through music and the arts.

Early Childhood:

  • Focus on enjoyment and appreciation of music
  • Finger play, rhymes, and singing
  • Musical games and movement

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Development for feeling of steady beat and rhythmical movement
  • Differentiation between fast-slow, loud-soft, strong-weak, short-long, same-different, high-low
  • Melodic contours and tones through echo singing
  • Use of rhythm instruments to accompany songs
  • Students participate in annual Thanksgiving chapel

Kindergarten:

  • Continued focus on basic musical skills and rhythm
  • Listening to appreciating a variety of music
  • Memorization
  • Rhythm and movement
  • Call and response
  • Listening to and comprehending stories of composers
  • Understanding the different families of musical instruments, Orff instrument play
  • Music of Tchaikovsky
  • Students participate in the annual kindergarten play

First Grade:

  • Continued focus on music appreciation and rhythm
  • Difference between vocal and instrumental sounds, Orff instrument play
  • Gross motor movement
  • Pitch matching
  • Writing music through simple composition activities
  • Expression through music
  • Echo phrases and rhythm syllables
  • Music of Prokofiev
  • Students participate in the spring school musical alongside our upper school drama students

Second Grade:

  • Identification of instrument families by sight and sound
  • Basic instrument arrangements on Orff instruments
  • Echo phrases on rhythm syllables
  • Tempo and dynamics
  • Traditional and non-traditional notation to read and write rhythms
  • Study of grand staff
  • Study of traditional songs from various cultures
  • Music of Camille Saint-Saens
  • Expression through music

Third Grade:

  • Exploration of written choral and instrumental music (dynamics, notes, measures)
  • Performance of ostinato, borduns, and broken borduns on Orff instruments
  • Study of different cultures’ traditional songs
  • Participation in the annual Seasons of Celebration holiday concert
  • Recognition of traditional and non-traditional notation
  • Rhythm phrases using whole notes, whole rests, half notes, half rests, quarter notes and eighth notes
  • Introduction to recorders
  • Performance of basic arrangements using recorders and Orff instruments
  • Recognition of different compositional choices (mood, tempo, dynamics, etc.)
  • Exploration of connections between music and other arts
  • Introduction of two-part music and harmony
  • Music of Mozart

Fourth Grade:

  • Preparation for annual fall play
  • Pitch and the full scale
  • Continuation of rhythm and syllable study
  • Continuation of recorder instruction
  • Performance of compositions utilizing pitched and non-pitched percussion instruments
  • Syncopated rhythm
  • Harmony and accompaniment in partner songs, rounds, and canons
  • Exploration of the connection between music and poetry
  • Composition using technology
  • The music of Edward Grieg
  • Exploration of woodwind. Brass, string, and percussion instruments
  • Preparation for chorus

Fifth Grade:

  • Pitch match using Solfege syllables
  • Proper vocal care
  • Creation of vocal warm-ups and improvisation
  • Internalization of rhythm using body percussion
  • Two and three part music with accompaniment and Orff instruments
  • Complex rhythms
  • Emotional response to music and various tonalities and modes
  • Connections studied between composer and the piece, performer and the piece
  • Students have the ability to join chorus and the school musical as an extra-curricular activity

Sixth Grade:

  • Utilization of drums and other non-pitched percussion to promote listening and rhythm
  • Improvisation through applicable theatre games
  • Composition using technology
  • Different sources giving inspiration
  • Creative thinking and thoughtful revision through peer-editing
  • Composition and performance of an extended piece
  • Students have the ability to join chorus and the school musical as an extra-curricular activity

Seventh Grade:

  • The study of different musical time periods (Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Contemporary)
  • Performance of skits to explain aspects/significances of each time period
  • Understanding and reinterpretation of historical compositions in a contemporary context
  • Students have the ability to join chorus and the school musical as an extra-curricular activity

Eighth Grade:

  • Recognition of the function and purpose of film music
  • Discussion of current musical climate
  • Understanding the influence of the past on today’s music
  • Creation of music videos to be seen as an art form
  • Student-based project to explore/discover a musical interest of their choice

Physical Education

Wyndcroft School students are not only taught inside the classroom. They also learn valuable life skills and practices on the athletic fields and in the gymnasium. While our physical education classes aim to improve physical health, agility, and movement, the focus is also on sportsmanship, following simple and complex instructions, and working collaboratively with others. The program is designed to include fun games and activities that stimulate the students’ minds and bodies and also encourage them to recognize the importance and joy of lifelong physical activity.

Sixth through eighth grade students take part in team sports and athletic activities. Students may choose to participate in team sports each season or participate in an alternative athletic option. These options may include yoga, fitness, racquet sports, etc. In the fall, team sport options are boys’ soccer, girls’ field hockey, or cross-country. In the winter, all students may choose to play basketball, and the spring team sport option is lacrosse. Emphasis for all sports is to heighten athletic ability, gain confidence in one’s abilities, and the importance of sportsmanship, both on a team and towards the competition.

Early Childhood:

  • Music and movement to reinforce basic gross motor skills
  • Marching and rhythm
  • Development of self-control

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • Development of motor skills, coordination, grace, and self-control
  • Development of gross motor skills, such as running, walking, skipping, and direction change
  • Focus on positive interaction with peers
  • Increase in self-confidence and self-expression through movement
  • Kicking, throwing, and catching

Kindergarten:

  • Development in motor skills as they engage in many movement forms
  • Small games and activities that focus on following directions, fair play, understanding rules, and sportsmanship
  • Running, stopping, starting, chasing, dodging

First Grade:

  • Increased sharpening of motor skills and movements
  • Movement from one physical activity to another
  • Personal and social behavior in the gymnasium
  • The importance of proper attire for physical activity
  • Base sports (kickball, t-ball)

Second Grade:

  • Understanding of multi-step instructions
  • Personal and social behavior in the gymnasium
  • Teamwork and cooperation
  • Continuation of base sports and chasing games
  • Mat work
  • Yoga

Third Grade:

  • Working within the confines of a game
  • Endurance (mile run)
  • Stick skills and positioning
  • Basketball (passing, dribbling, shooting, defensive tactics)
  • Soccer (kicking, passing, trapping, spatial awareness)
  • Yoga

Fourth Grade:

  • Continuation of base sports, soccer, basketball, stick sport study
  • Increased focus on endurance (mile run)
  • Introduction to handball (passing, pivoting)
  • Cooperative, team building games
  • Yoga

Fifth Grade:

  • Continuation of base sports, soccer, basketball, stick sport study
  • Speed of game intensifies
  • Continued focus on communication and sportsmanship
  • Safety issues in sports
  • Yoga
  • Preparation for competitive sports

Athletics

  • Students in Grades 6-8 participate in our Athletic Program in place of a Physical Education class

Science

The Wyndcroft School values the study of all branches of science. Our science program follows a hands-on and lab-based approach. Whether it is planting flowers in pre-kindergarten, filming a weather forecast in third grade, or dissecting a fetal pig in seventh grade, our belief in learning by experiencing is clearly evident. All school assemblies and programs stemming from the science curriculum allow our whole community to be more environmentally conscious and supportive of our students’ enthusiasm for this discipline. Supported by the newest technologies, our science classes teach the steps of the scientific method and give our students a firm foundation for future scientific endeavors.

Early Childhood:

  • Observations of daily weather and seasonal change
  • Animals and people’s preparation for change
  • Study of plants, insects, and butterflies

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • A-Z portfolio of year’s topics shows student progress throughout the year (Example: W for wind allows students to discuss concepts associated with air and exploration with pinwheels)
  • Supports language arts curriculum for fine motor skills and communication

Kindergarten:

  • Definition of different branches of science and what a scientist is
  • Exploration of scientific tools
  • The four seasons, trees, weather and the water cycle
  • Density, floating, and sinking
  • Magnets
  • Building and simple machines
  • Animals
  • Connection between concepts and real life situations

First Grade:

  • Continuation of scientific vocabulary building
  • Properties of air
  • Properties of matter
  • The solar system
  • Basic geology and volcanoes
  • Insects and spiders
  • Connection between concepts and real life situations

Second Grade:

  • Continuation of scientific vocabulary building
  • Properties of water
  • Oceans
  • Light, heat, and sound energy
  • Connections between the past and the present

Third Grade:

  • Weather and meteorological terminology
  • Properties of rocks and minerals
  • Plants
  • Note taking skills
  • Observation and the scientific method

Fourth Grade:

  • The scientific method
  • The solar system
  • Self-led labs with write ups on observations
  • Lego mindstorm robots

Fifth Grade:

  • Scientific method and measurement
  • Oceans, currents and ocean exploration
  • Sound energy
  • Senses

Sixth Grade:

  • Focus on physical science
  • Scientific notation, conversions, volume and density
  • Graphs, data tables, and analysis
  • Matter in motion
  • Work and simple machines
  • Heat and heat technology
  • Spring field trip to Echo Hill Outdoor School

Seventh Grade:

  • Focus on life science
  • Science fair research project (data book, research paper, display board, presentation)
  • Cells
  • Heredity
  • Three domains of life
  • Classification of animals and plants
  • Dissections of various animals to compare and contrast phyla and classes
  • Spring field trip to Echo Hill Outdoor School

Eighth Grade:

  • Introduction to different branches of science
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Cartography
  • Geology
  • Meteorology

Social Studies

Our social studies curriculum emphasizes the importance of community and the societies of the past, present, and the future. Supported by multi-cultural experiences, field trips, and novel studies, The Wyndcroft School values the lessons we can learn from the past to empower our students to make change in the future.

Early Childhood:

  • A better understanding of the neighborhood
  • Knowledge of community helpers
  • Celebration of holidays
  • Traditions celebrated through baking, music, stories, and arts and crafts

Pre-Kindergarten:

  • What it means to be a better citizen
  • Global and local holidays
  • Social and emotional interaction between others

Kindergarten:

  • Geographical areas (polar, rainforest) are introduced
  • Exploration of seasons and holidays, including customs, arts, music, literature, and food
  • Being a member of the classroom and global community
  • Being a healthy individual

First Grade:

  • Culture of families, school, and community
  • Importance of laws, rules, and citizenship
  • Native American life
  • History of the Mayflower voyage, Pilgrim life
  • Family traditions and holidays
  • Geroge Washington and Abraham Lincoln
  • Dr. King, Harriet Tubman, and George Washington Carver
  • History of Wyndcroft
  • Origin and significance of the American Flag

Second Grade:

  • Reading and interpreting maps
  • Fundamental geographic terminology
  • Awareness of different cultures around the world
  • Governments of communities, states, and nations
  • Pennsylvania’s history and capital city
  • State and national government
  • Interpretation of biographies
  • Different careers and jobs in a community
  • The necessary education and skills for performance of jobs

Third Grade:

  • Map skills and geographical terms
  • The seven regions of the United States
  • Identification of the United States, its states, and the capitals
  • Awareness of different cultures in the United States
  • Understanding of tall tales associated with each region
  • Understanding of the Underground Railroad
  • Amish traditions and ways of life

Fourth Grade:

  • Migration of Native Americans from Asia
  • Difficulties of early American settlers
  • European contributions to exploration
  • Characteristics of South American colonies
  • Founding and evolving of the early American colonies
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Physical features of the United States
  • Interpretation of different map types

Fifth Grade:

  • Translation and understanding of how past affects the future
  • Paleolithic and Neolithic Age
  • Middle Eastern societies of Mesopotamia and Egypt
  • Early Asian Civilizations
  • Ancient Israel
  • Ancient Greece and the rise of the Roman Empire
  • The influence of ancient cultures on modern cultures
  • Reading for historical content and note-taking skills
  • Evaluation of maps and cartograms
  • Observation of historical artifacts
  • Geographic, political, and cultural trends throughout history

Sixth Grade:

  • Reasons for expansion and decline of the Roman Empire
  • Development of medieval European civilization
  • Origins of Islam and its expansion into the Middle East, Africa, and parts of Europe
  • China and the beliefs of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism
  • Japanese culture and history
  • European history focusing on the Renaissance and Reformation
  • Discovery of origins of government and technological innovations
  • Compare and contrast of past and current civilizations
  • Understanding of how cultures evolve and change
  • Written historical analysis
  • Additional texts, both fiction and non-fiction, support teaching

Seventh Grade:

  • European Reformation
  • Earliest causes of American expansions and the early colonies
  • Evolution of American culture and government
  • Strengths and weaknesses of America’s new government under the Articles of Confederation
  • Major themes throughout American history, including democratic vs. monarchy, urban vs. rural, utopian vs. pragmatic, etc.
  • The creation of a democratic government and the earliest presidents
  • Events leading up to the Industrial Revolution
  • Analysis of challenging texts, primary sources, and eyewitness accounts
  • Interpretation of data sources and forming conclusions

Eighth Grade:

  • The rise of sectionalism prior to the Civil War
  • Industrialization and the rise of the United States as a world power
  • North vs. South
  • Slave states vs. free states
  • Causes , events, and consequences of the Civil War, World War I, and World War II
  • National and international causes and results of the Great Depression
  • The rise of the American economy
  • Understanding of how past events have shaped and continue to shape American culture and government
  • Analysis of challenging text, primary sources, and eyewitness accounts
  • Interpretation of date sources and forming conclusions

Drama

Early Childhood

  • Focus on enjoyment and appreciation of movement
  • Exploration of major muscle groups through play
  • Strengthening fine motor skills
  • Activities centered on self-expression and individual voice

Pre-Kindergarten

  • Development of kinesthetic awareness
  • Development of motor control through introductory yoga
  • Practicing communication skills through imaginary play
  • Activities centered on agency and collaborative play

Kindergarten

  • Development communication skills through storytelling
  • Practice public speaking
  • Increasing adaptability through improvisation activities
  • Enhancing social skills through role play activities

1st Grade

  • Focus on imaginary play and generating creative choices
  • Increasing adaptability through improvisation activities
  • Creating stories and plays through collaboration and play
  • Introduction to performance exercises/expectations: Voice, posture, preparedness, and teamwork
  • Participate in a 1st Grade mucial

2nd Grade

  • Focus on stage readiness and performance skills
  • Practice listening and comprehension skills through storytelling and open discussions
  • Practice non-verbal communication skills
  • Learn basic vocabulary for performances and performance spaces
  • Learn types of performance spaces and their uses
  • Participate in a 2nd Grade musical

3rd Grade

  • Focus on a variety of mediums for communication and their everyday usage
  • Explore oral traditions, storytelling through pictures, miming, radio plays, Greek theatre, and playwriting
  • Development of performance skills through performances in each type of communication method
  • Collaborative skills through partner activities and group storytelling
  • Participate in a 3rd Grade musical

4th Grade

  • Focus on variety of performing arts found all around the world
  • Explore performance styles in Greece, India, France, Japan, Brazil, and other countries of interest
  • Explore puppet design, construction, and performance
  • Explore the art of clowning and physical comedy
  • Design scenery and costumes for class written plays and stories
  • Basic an introduction to playwriting, acting, and directing
  • Participate in 4th Grade play

5th-8th Grade

  • Participate in Wyndcroft Players
  • Perform in school musical
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